Water Tech For Agriculture
Adoption of Water Saving Technologies to Optimize Use of Ground Water
Agriculture minister Radha Mohan Singh said, "In coming years country could face water scarcity issues, increasing water use efficiency was a necessary step to counter this issues."
Adoption of sprinkler, drip irrigation system and cultivation of coarse cereals particularly millets were some of the measures to conserve water.
Singh said that good seeds and fertilizer fail to achieve their full potential if plants are not optimally watered.
In India, about 86% water is used for agriculture, 6 % for industries and 8 % for domestic uses. The per capita availability of water was 5,177 cubic meter in 1951 and it will reach to 1,341 and 1,140 cubic meter in 2025 and 2050 - which is near to water scarcity line.
"Adoption of water saving technologies such as sprinkler and drip irrigation system have proven extremely effective. The concept of multiple use of water must be popularized. Emphasis should be given on water resources conservations through watershed development in suitable areas and development of micro-water structures for rainwater harvesting," Singh said.
The minister also added that connecting highly water stressed areas with perennial source of water through linking of rivers or water grids is another solution.
Cultivation of coarse cereals particularly millets, which require low water and is a climate resilient crops should be promoted to meet the growing demand of safe and nutritious food worldwide
Due to continuous fall in per capita water availability and increasing population, it becomes necessary to utilize every drop of available water efficiently and to produce more crops from the same available water and land, for providing food security to growing population.